How Safe Is Condomless Sex When Partner With HIV Takes Meds?

By Randy Dotinga
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Jul 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) — HIV delivery is rarely doubtful among true couples who have sex though condoms when one partner carries a pathogen though takes medication, new investigate suggests.

For happy couples in a same scenario, a risk seems to be usually somewhat higher.

The Danish investigate had some vital limitations. It usually tracked couples for adult to dual years, and there’s no approach to know if a risk of HIV delivery will grow over time as couples age. Also, a HIV-positive participants were roughly always clever to take their medication.

And during slightest one AIDS impediment consultant voiced some counsel about a study’s conclusions.

Still, “it [the study’s findings] is unequivocally good news for patients and their partners,” pronounced HIV dilettante Dr. Jared Baeten, clamp chair of tellurian health during a University of Washington in Seattle. He was not concerned with a investigate though is informed with a findings.

“For so long, patients have unequivocally cared deeply about a possibility they would broadcast this pathogen to people they love. What’s really calming about this study, and a bulk of information from other studies, is that people who have HIV and are on diagnosis seem to have an impossibly low possibility of flitting on a virus,” Baeten said.

The new investigate is groundbreaking since it examines a risk of HIV delivery in couples who don’t always use condoms. Most before studies examined a risk in couples who used condoms, pronounced investigate co-author Dr. Jens Lundgren, a highbrow of viral diseases during a University of Copenhagen in Denmark.

In a study, a researchers tracked 888 couples in that usually one chairman was HIV-positive. The participants lived in 14 European countries and were followed for a median of somewhat over a year between 2010 and 2014.

About two-thirds of a couples were heterosexual and a rest were happy males. The normal age of those in all couples was 42 years.

The investigate found that 11 partners became putrescent with HIV — 10 happy group and one heterosexual. But a investigate of a pathogen in their bodies suggested that nothing were putrescent by their partners. Instead, they’d engaged HIV by carrying sex outward their relationships; 33 percent of HIV-negative happy group reported carrying condomless sex with other partners compared to 4 percent of heterosexuals.

While no one was putrescent with HIV by their partners, a researchers concurred that possibility could have played a purpose in a commentary and that there could be a tiny tangible risk. But a investigate pronounced it’s doubtful this risk is above 0.3 percent per year for true couples or 0.7 percent per year for happy masculine couples.

Lundgren cautioned that a formula for heterosexual couples are some-more certain than those for happy men, and a ongoing investigate will continue to yield improved numbers about their risk.

“The summary to heterosexual couples is that a risk of HIV delivery around condomless vaginal sex is intensely low and expected negligible,” Lundgren said, as prolonged as a HIV-positive chairman has been on full antiretroviral therapy for several months and uses a remedy consistently.

For happy masculine couples, a risk is “very low,” he said, though a investigate doesn’t nonetheless endorse it’s “extremely low.”

Why do some couples cite sex though condoms?

Rowena Johnston, clamp boss and executive of investigate during amfAR, a Foundation for AIDS Research, said, “If we’re honest and speak about what happens in a genuine world, flattering most everybody thinks condomless sex feels better. That’s what they wish to pierce to if they can.”

For couples like those in a study, a investigate “suggests that competence not be a really unsure proposition, though any researcher would find it tough to suggest that we don’t need to use condoms during all,” Johnston said.

Michael Weinstein, boss of a AIDS Healthcare Foundation, remarkable that “condoms sojourn an inexpensive, rarely effective means to forestall HIV transmission. Condoms also strengthen opposite delivery of many other intimately transmitted diseases.”

The investigate was published in a Jul 12 emanate of a Journal of a American Medical Association.

More information

For some-more about HIV and condoms, revisit AIDS.gov.