E-Cigarettes a Gateway to Smoking for Teens: Study

By Randy Dotinga
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, Jun 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) — Teens in a United States who use electronic cigarettes are 6 times some-more expected to pierce on to normal cigarettes compared to kids who never use a devices, a new investigate reports.

A consult of about 300 high propagandize students found a discouraging pattern, nonetheless some experts remonstrate with a conclusions.

“Adolescents who had never smoked, though who had used e-cigarettes, were almost some-more expected to start smoking flamable cigarettes over a subsequent year,” pronounced investigate lead author Jessica Barrington-Trimis. She is a postdoctoral researcher with a University of Southern California’s Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science.

“The boost in e-cigarette use, that might be followed by increases in cigarette use, could outcome in an erosion of a swell that has been done over a final several decades in tobacco control,” Barrington-Trimis said.

In new years, scientists have debated either e-cigarettes assistance smokers quit, or act as a gateway to tobacco smoking. Because of these concerns, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration is banning a sale of e-cigarettes to minors starting mid-summer.

According to new consult formula from a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, final year only 11 percent of high propagandize students pronounced they’d smoked cigarettes in a prior 30 days — a poignant decrease given a 1990s. However, 24 percent pronounced they’d used vape products, such as electronic cigarettes, within a final month.

E-cigarettes are electronic inclination that burn a liquid that mostly includes nicotine and flavorings.

For a new study, researchers surveyed 11th and 12th graders, normal age 17, about use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, cigars, pipes and hookahs. Of those, 146 used e-cigarettes and 152 had never attempted them. None had smoked cigarettes.

But 16 months later, a researchers found that 40 percent of e-cigarette users had begun smoking normal cigarettes. This compared to 11 percent of those who’d never “vaped” — a tenure for regulating electronic cigarettes. The investigate authors dynamic a vapers were only over 6 times some-more expected to have attempted smoking compared to teenagers who weren’t regulating e-cigarettes.

The disproportion hold even after a investigators practiced their statistics for factors such as gender, parents’ preparation turn (which hints during family income) and ethnicity.

“We can’t definitively interpretation a e-cigarettes means kids to fume cigarettes,” Barrington-Trimis said. However, “those who had used e-cigarettes during baseline were almost some-more expected to start smoking cigarettes.”

The fact that many who attempted unchanging cigarettes had vowed not to do so during a start of a investigate suggested that e-cigarette use wasn’t simply an indicator of kids who would have smoked anyway, a researchers said.

E-cigarette users were also some-more expected to try hookahs, pipes or cigars, a consult found.

The investigate formula drew churned reviews.

Peter Hajek, executive of tobacco investigate with a Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine during Queen Mary, University of London, criticized a work.

“The authors misrepresent their findings,” Hajek said. “Like several prior studies of this type, this one only shows that people who try things, try things.”

Other investigate shows that altogether smoking by teenagers is disappearing even as e-cigarette use rises, Hajek said.

“In fact, a decrease in girl smoking over a past few years has been faster than ever before. This does not indispensably meant that e-cigarette investigation prevents a uptake of smoking, nonetheless this is possible,” he added. “But there is transparent and clever justification that such investigation does not minister to smoking uptake.”

Barrington-Trimis questioned this contention, observant it’s not proven by research.

Gregory Conley, boss of a American Vaping Association, pronounced there’s zero new or “particularly helpful” about display that some immature adults try e-cigarettes and afterwards examination with smoking.

“The bottom line is that as some-more teenagers have experimented with fog products, girl smoking has gifted large and rare declines that no one likely only 5 years ago,” Conley said.

However, a investigate elicited regard from Thomas Wills, halt executive of a Cancer Prevention and Control Program with a University of Hawaii Cancer Center. It “adds a lot of support” to a thought that e-cigarettes can means cigarette smoking, Wills said.

“Some people have formerly suggested that given e-cigarettes are available, this will forestall teenagers from smoking,” Wills said. This investigate and others debunk that idea, he added.

The investigate was published online Jun 13 in a biography Pediatrics.

More information

To learn about new regulations of e-cigarettes, see a U.S. Food and Drug Administration.